The highly formalized methods of Vedic learning helped inspire the establishment of large teaching institutions such as Taxila, Nalanda, and Vikramashila which are often characterised as India's early universities.
The liberal cultural traditions inherited from the Gupta age resulted in a period of growth and prosperity until the ninth century. Located 95 kilometres from bodhgaya , Nalanda was a great place of learning for both Buddhist and Vedica disciplines. Built sometime in the 6th century AD, during the Gupta empire, Nalanda was visited by scholars from as far as Korea. Chinese traveler Huen Tsang wrote about Nalanda’s greatness as a centre of learning during his visit to India.
Travelers from all parts would agree with the fact that India is one of the most beautiful heritage destinations in the world. Another feather has been added to the cap of India's heritage recognition as Bihar's Nalanda University has been added to the list of world heritage sites by UNESCO.
September 1, 2014, saw the commencement of the first academic year of a modern Naland University. It has been established in a bid to revive the ancient seat of learning.
Nalanda University is a research based institution and offers post-graduate courses and degrees leading to a doctorate faculty and students who want to make an impact on the world and its affairs.
Former President of India Late Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, Chief minister Nitish Kumar and Amartya Sen ( Nobel laureate), Founding Chancellor, Nalanda University made remarkable efforts to synchronize the ancient university with the new era.
WHAT YOU SEE
Nalanda University Ruins Archaeological Complex:
The total area of the excavation is about 14 hectares. All the edifices are of the red brick and the gardens are beautiful. The buildings are divided by a central walk way that goes south to north. The monasteries or "Viharas" are east of this central alley and the temple or "Chaiyas" to the west.
Nalanda Archaeological Museum:
Opposite the entrance to the ruins of the university and houses, there is a small but beautiful collection of Buddhist and Hindu bronzes and a number of undamaged statues of the Lord Buddha that were found in the area.
Nava Nalanda Mahavihara:
Nava Nalanda Mahavihara is devoted to study and research of Pali Literature and Buddhism. This is a new institute, where students from foreign countries also study.
Hieun Tsang Memorial Hall
Hieun Tsang Memorial Hall:
A new construction in memory of the great Chinese traveler, Hieun Tsang.
Silao: In between Nalanda and Rajgir, there is a village namely Silao where very a popular local sweet "KHAJA" is prepared.
Surajpur Baragaon: The lake with its temple of Surya, the Sun God , is a pilgrim destination twice a year in "Vaishakha" (April-May) and in "Kartika" (October-November) during the Chhath Puja or Sun worship.
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